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Annex C

Foreign Phrases

The following list comprises foreign phrases which are frequently used in official correspondence and state papers. They should generally be underscored in typewritten matter.
a fortiori- with stronger reason; much more.
a posteriori- from effect to cause; from what comes after.
a priori- from cause to effect; from what went before.
ad hoc- as to this.
ad infinitum- without limit.
ad interim- in the meantime. (Not underscored in title "Charge d'Affaires ad interim")
ad referendum- for reference; for further consideration.
ad valorem- according to the valuation. (Not italicized in English text)
bona fide- in good faith.
bona fides- good faith.
casus belli- an event which is allegedly the cause of war.
casus foederis- some action or event which brings into operation a particular treaty of alliance
and justifies one party to that treaty in calling upon another party to come to his
ceteris paribus- other things being equal.
coup d'etat- unexpected stroke of policy or statesmanships: often accompanied by violence;
often involves a charge in government.
de facto- actually; in fact; in deed.
de jure- rightfully; lawfully; by legal title.
droit civil- common law.
droit de detraction- emigration duty.
et sequentes, et sequentia- and the following.
ex aequo et bono- according to what is just and good.
ex gratia- in favour.
ex officio- by virtue of his office.
ex post facto- from or by an artefact; by subsequent matter.
ex professo- openly; avowedly.
force majeure- superior or irresistible force.
gotong royong- collectivity.
hors de cause- outside of the cause.
in extenso- fully; at length.
in fine- in or at the end.
in flagrante delicto- in the very act of committing the crime.
in tot.- in the whole; completely.
inter alia- among other things.
ipso facto- by the fact itself.
ipso jure- by the law itself.
jus civile- civil law.
jus gentium- the law of nations.
jus sanguinis- the right of blood.
jus soli- right of the scil: indicating the citizenship of a person by the place of his birth.
lapsus calami- slip of the pen.
lapsus linguae- slip of the tongue.
lapsus memoriae- slip of the memory.
lex loci- the law of the place.
locus standi
(a place of standing)
- a right to be heard.
mala fides- bad faith.
mali exempli- of bad example.
mare clausum- closed sea.
mare liberum- free sea.
modus operandi- mode of operations.
modus vivendi
(plu. modi vivendi)
- a temporary arrangement between two sovereignties providing for the conduct
of certain affairs pending negotiations for a treaty on the same subject.
mufakat- consensus.
mushawarah- discussion; consultation.
mutatis mutandis- with necessary changes.
non compas mentia- not of sound mind, memory, or understanding.
non sequitur- it does not follow.
opere citato- in the work cited. (To be used only with the name of an author or in connection
with the name of the author)
parens patriae- father of his country.
per annum- by the year.
per diem- by the day.
per se- by itself; alone.
persona non grata
(plu. personae non gratae)
- one who is not acceptable.
prime facie- at first view; on the first appearance.
pro confesso- as confessed.
pro rata- according to the rate, proportion, or allowance.
pro tanto- for so much.
pro tempore- for the time being.
- official report(s), journal(s), minute(s) of proceedings.
quid pro quo- one thing for, or in place, of another.
ratione personae- by reason of the person.
requete civile- appeal to the highest court for that court to reconsider its own decision.
res judicata- a matter that has already been judicially determined.
status quo- the state of things existing at any given time.
status quo ante- the state of things existing before.
ultra vires- beyond their powers.